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Jewish & Rabbinic Background to the Bible

RabbinicTraditions
Mishnah, Tosephta, & both Talmuds in English & Hebrew, readable (& searchable by members)
Hebrew Rabbinic texts
Traditional rabbinic texts (Mishna, Tosefta, and Babylonian Talmud and Jerusalem Talmud). Downloadable for PC & Palm
Outline of contents for Talmuds/Mishnah/Tosephta
(Based on Mishnah/Bab. Talmud, but all follow the same plan, mostly with same chapter numbers)
Talmud page layout Interactive Guide
with introductions to the main commentaries etc
Soncino Babylonian Talmud in English
Full text with footnotes, but only 16 tractates.
Rodkinson's Babylonian Talmud in English
Full text but only 22 tractates (+ 3 supplementary tractates). Rodkinson is mostly OK, but he omitted portions which are 'defamatory to the Rabbis' which he thought were inserted by Jewish-Christians
Talmud Manuscripts Project (Jewish National and University Library)
- facsimiles of 78 MSS of Babylonian Talmud & Mishnah from 11 libraries
Wikisource Mishnah (the free library anyone can edit)
An online commuunity project to make a public domain translation with hebrew text. Unfinished.
Good explanations in footnotes.
eDaf Talmud pages and audio explanation
facsimiles of the traditional pages linked to audio translation & explanation
Schulchan Aruch with translation
The digest of Talmudic laws for daily life, in English with Hebrew.
Traditions of the Rabbis in the Era of the New Testament (T-R-E-N-T)
- earliest traditions dated and explained, esp for NT relevance
Into His Own - Perspective on the World of Jesus
Citations from background texts, organised by subject.
Targums in Aramaic
Onqelos, Pseudo-Jonathan, Neofiti, Fragmentary, & other non-Torah Targums.
Targums in English
Onkelos, Pseudo-Jonathan, Fragmentary trans. by Etheridge. Torah plus a few more.
Legends of the Jews by by Louis Ginzberg
- a readable account conflating all Jewish aggadic literature (footnotes are missing)
Mysticism during the Talmudic Era: Sources
The basic sources
Tales And Maxims From The Midrash by Rev. Samuel Rapaport
- large collection of selections from a wide range of Midrashim
Archaeology of Jerusalem and the Temple
Ritmeyer is an archaeologist and a graphic designer. His pictures are superb.
Historical Jewish Maps & Atlases
Biblical, Archeaological, Talmudic to Modern.
AUTHENTIC The Holy Land
Answer questions re archaeology of Israel with information & photos. Tyndale House is a member. Send questions through the Librarian.
Ancient Synagogues
Primary sources and archaeology for ancient synagogues
Ancient Jewish Accounts of Jesus
Josephus, Celcus, Tertullian, Talmud, Toledoth Yeshu - full texts with introductions..
Jewish Encyclopaedia
For ancient Judaism this is than the modern Encyclopaedia Judaica. Full text and searchable
Bar mitzvah tutor
illustrated encyclopaedias of places, people, plants etc plus Torah reading guide
Jewish virtual library
an online encyclopaedia incl. Timeline and Glossary
Rashi's Commentary on the whole OT
Rashi in English and Hebrew[Rashi has disappeared but hopefully it will come back]
Introduction to Judaism
from Biblical to modern times. By a Christian, but very good.
Jastrow's Rabbinic Lexicon
Dictionary of the Targumim, the Talmud Babli and Yerushalmi, and the Midrashic Literature.
Hebrew alphabet & links to teach-yourself
also has intros to almost every other written text form. Amazing!
Mechon Mamre
an ultra-othodox site with very useful tools & texts plus guide to festivals & lifestyle
Talmudic passages about Jesus
Full text of Christianity in Talmud and Midrash by R. Travers Herford and Jesus Christ in the Talmud, Midrash, and the Zohar by Gustav Dalman
Ancient Kettubot - Marriage certificates
- 1200 MSS covering 900 years, searchable. Pictures of the originals are often very beautiful
Early Hebrew Printing by Michael Davidson
- links to manuscripts and editions of Rabbinic texts
Digitized Book Repository Jewish National and University Library
- rare and out-of-print books, mainly in Hebrew
Judaica Libraries and Archives on the Web
- links to significant collections of Judaica around the world
Jewish History Sourcebook
- links and documents covering the whole history of the Jews
Online Texts and Documents Related to Jewish History
- covers ancient to modern, concentrating on actual texts
Taylor-Schechter Genizah Introduction
Taylor-Schechter collection of the Cairo Genizah documents. Very early Jewish papyri. View the texts here
Library of Congress Dead Sea Scrolls Exhibit
The texts in translation, with pictures and introduction. Also archaeological finds.
Dead Sea Scroll photos and links
Orion Center in Israel. Photos, Index to DJD and an exhaustive Bibliography from 1995.
Dead Sea Scrolls & Qumran
Good historical introction & inventry. Few texts..
The Great Isaiah Scroll
Photographs, variants, discussion, and translation of the Qumran Isaiah Scroll.